What is the video frame rate and how does it affect it?

You may often hear videographers talking about video frame rates, but what is the video frame rate?

If you’re new to making videos, the term that often appears is the rate of video frames or frames per second (fps). This is a special feature that can be changed on the camera and greatly affects the way videos are captured and viewed on different devices.

Today, you’ll find out what frame rate is on a video and why you should change it depending on the type of video you’re recording.

What are staff rates?

Knowing the frame rate on a video is the best way to improve the quality of your video output. To understand the frame rate in your video, you must first know that the video is not just a continuous recording. Instead, it is a collection of several images that are rotated sequentially on the screen to create a moving image. The technical term is called the frame rate per second (fps).

Read also: 5 ways to turn videos into audio without apps

What is the standard frame rate?

The standard video frame rate for the film industry has been 24 fps since 1920. However, the standard speed for television is 30 fps in North America, Japan, and most of the rest of the world. Lately, the producers have used a combination of different frame rates to get optimal results depending on the type of scene to be filmed.

What frame rate should I use?

Modern cameras have options for multiple frame rates ranging from 24fps to 240fps on some cameras. The way each frame rate is perceived on the screen is very different. Therefore, you need to choose the right and optimal frame rate for your project.

24FPS – Dan Movie Movies

The 24 fps standard gives you a truly cinematic look, which we all expect from movies. This is because 24 fps looks most natural to the human eye, which is why you get used to it. So if you want to shoot movies or general scenes, I recommend recording at 24 fps.

30FPS – Live TV Atau Sports

The second option is 30fps a bit faster than 24fps. It is commonly used in live TV shows, sports or soap operas. It has only six frames per second, which gives it a subtle (but less cinematic) feel that works well for live TV.

For general videos, you can’t go wrong with 24fps or 30fps. But if you want a cinematic look, choose 24 fps. For interviews or documentaries, 30fps should look better.

60FPS – Dan Fast-Moving Sports Action Movies

Some movies are now produced at 60 frames per second. This gives the movies a very smooth experience, but requires a lot of storage. Higher frame rates are mainly used for fast-paced action and sports movies, as there is less blur of motion.

Motion blur occurs when there is movement within the frame, but it moves too fast between frames, making it appear blurry. This is common at low frame rates, such as 24 fps. A simple solution is to increase the frame rate, which reduces blur and provides a clear and clean look. This is especially useful in some sports, such as F1 or baseball.

120 FPS or higher – Slowing effect

You may be a fan of slow motion videos, especially those that slow down all the action you watch. This type of video is made by a simple method, they are recorded at a very high fps and then slowed down to give a slow motion effect. Because several frames were captured in one second, the whole action is recorded and looks good when slowed down. However, if you’ve ever played a 120 or 240 fps video while it was being recorded, you’ve probably noticed a weird looking effect.

If you want to record slow motion effects, such as football kicks, we recommend that you record at a higher frame rate. However, keep in mind that you must use a video editor as Adobe Premiere Pro to slow down the clip and get the desired effect.

If you’re using a smartphone with a slow motion shooting mode like the one on your iPhone, it records the clip at 120 fps or 240 fps and automatically slows it down for you. That’s why shooting slow motion on your iPhone looks so good.

Does the frame rate affect the size of the video file?

The frame rate significantly affects the file size of your video. Think of it this way, if you’re shooting a one-minute video at 30 fps, you actually have 1,800 images combined to make the video. Now, if you want to shoot the same one-minute video at 60 fps, then you have 3,600. This is practically double the number of images, which usually end up in the final file being twice the size of the file.

Another factor that affects the size of your video is the resolution you take. 1080p 120fps videos can be higher than 4K 24fps videos. It depends on your camera settings. The camera usually tells you how much footage you can shoot at a certain resolution / fps (depending on your free storage.) You can use this to plan how long you can shoot. .

Does the frame rate affect the quality of the video?

The quality of the video depends only on the resolution you take. In general, the higher the image resolution, the higher the quality. However, higher image resolutions (such as 4K) also result in larger file sizes. Frame rate will only affect how smooth the video is, but it will not affect the clarity of the video.

Read also: 10 Ways to Improve Low Resolution Video Quality

Conclusion

All frame rates seem a bit confusing at first. In my opinion, the best way to understand is to experiment with all frame rates. Select a scene and shoot the same scene at 24fps, 30fps, 60fps and 120fps. Watch all the clips and get an idea of ​​how the higher fps affects the video.

The 24 fps video will look more cinematic and filmed, and 30fps will look like a natural scene, but 60fps and 120fps might seem a little weird and unnatural (due to the larger frames). Once you understand how all frame rates work, you’ll be able to integrate them properly into your workflow and make the most of every clip.


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