If you try to copy files in Windows, you may encounter a strange error message that says “The parameter is incorrect”. Here’s how to solve the incorrect parameter in Windows.
When trying to copy a large file to an external hard drive or USB storage, “The file cannot be copied, the parameter is incorrect error” may occur. This error usually occurs if you format the destination drive as a FAT32 file system. However, there is another reason why you might encounter this confusing error.
In this guide, we have listed several methods to help you fix the “The parameter is incorrect” error when copying files to an external drive.
What are the reasons why the parameter is incorrect when copying files in Windows?
When trying to copy a file larger than 4 GB, Windows may display this strange error. If you investigate further, you may find that the destination drive is formatted as FAT32 and is causing all the problems.
As we know, the FAT32 format has a file limit of only 4GB. As a result, when trying to transfer large files, you may encounter incorrect parameters or errors. “The file is too large for the destination file system“.
Read also: How to troubleshoot error 0x80070057
Other causes of this error include hard drive corruption, disk errors, malware infections, and hardware problems. Fortunately, you can fix this error by doing a quick reformat or checking disk utility.
How to overcome the incorrect parameter
As previously mentioned by the admin, there are several ways to work around this incorrect parameter. So try the following methods one by one, until you find the one that fits your error.
1. Convert drive from FAT32 to NTFS
An easy way to fix this problem is to convert the destination drive from FAT32 to NTFS. This way, you can change the file system without erasing the data on your drive.
To convert the destination drive’s file system to NTFS, follow the instructions below:
- press win + to open File Explorer. Then click this computer To see all devices and drives.
- Find a USB drive or external drive and make a note of the drive letter assigned to the destination drive.
- Next, tap on the logo windows And type poultice. Then, right-click Command Prompt and choose Run as administrator.
- In the Command Prompt window, type the command “Transform F: / fs: ntfs“.
- In the above command, replace F: with the destination drive letter indicated in step one.
- press Enters And wait for the process to finish. Once this is done, close the Command Prompt and try moving files again to see if the error is resolved.
2. Reformat the destination drive as NTFS
Another quick solution to fix the parameter incorrect error is to reformat your destination drive to NTFS. Windows comes with a built-in formatting tool for quick formatting.
Follow these steps to reformat the drive. Note that the reformatting process will erase all data on your drive. So, back up your data before proceeding with the steps below.
- to open File Explorer (Win + E) and click This computer.
- Next, right-click on the destination drive and select appearance.
- In the net appearanceclick the dropdown menu for file system and choose NTFS. Leave everything else as default.
- push the button beginning Then click yes to confirm the action. Once the format is complete, you can transfer large files without errors.
Read also: How to properly format Flashdisk
3. Scan for drive errors with Chkdsk
If reformatting the destination drive or converting it to NTFS format doesn’t help, check for disk errors using Chkdsk. This is a Windows tool to check file system integrity and corrupt files.
Note that Chkdsk may delete some data during repair attempts. So, back up all your files on the drive before following the steps below.
- push the button windows Writes poultice and click Run as administrator under Command prompt.
- In the Command Prompt window, type the command “Chkdsk F: /f / x / r“.
- In the above command, replace F: With the drive letter associated with the external drive.
- then press Enters to run the command. Chkdsk will check the disk for errors and fix any file integrity issues. Depending on the size of your drive, it may take some time to complete the scan. So, wait for the process to finish to see if the tool has fixed any issues.
- Once this is done, restart your computer and check if the file copy error is resolved.
Alternatively, you can also run the Chkdsk utility from the properties of the external drive. Heres how to do it:
- Open File Explorer and right-click on the external drive.
- Next, select Properties.
- In the properties window, go to the tab Tools.
- Then click the button check In the Error checking.
- To start scanning, tap Scan and repair drives.
Windows will check the drive and fix any problems. If no errors are found, click Close.
4. Update external drive driver
Missing or outdated device drivers can cause your hard drive to malfunction. With external drives, driver issues are less common. However, if Chkdsk fails to detect a problem with your drive, check for and install any pending driver updates to see if that helps.
To update the external drive driver, follow the instructions below:
- press Win + R. to open a dialogue Being.
- Writes devmgmt.msc and click yes To open device manager. or press win + X To open the WinX menu and click device manager.
- In the Device Manager window, expand the section drives.
- Right-click on the external drive and select Update drivers.
- then select Automatically search for drivers. Windows will check for and install new drivers if they are available.
- Finally, restart your computer and check if the error is resolved.
5. Check for hardware failure
Unplug the external drive and connect it to another available USB port on your computer. If the problem persists, check if the hard drive has failed. Oftentimes, frequent crashes, decreased performance, system errors, and data corruption are symptoms of a drive that is on the verge of crashing.
If you encounter an error due to a hardware failure, consider replacing the drive to avoid damaging the data you store on the drive.
So this is the incorrect parameter resolution method in Windows. Many external drives still use FAT32 as the default file system format. However, due to formatting limitations, you are likely to encounter errors when copying large files. To fix this, convert or reformat the drive as NTFS. Also check for drive errors due to bad sectors or hardware failures.
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