3 ways to check if VGA is damaged or not

Are you having GPU or VGA problems and don’t know how to check if VGA is damaged or not? If so, don’t worry because we’ll be discussing it this time.

You need to know that there are thousands of posts on online forums claiming that the Graphics Processing Unit (GPU) or better known as VGA often encounters problems due to minor graphics disturbances. This does not mean that the graphics card is defective, it may be related to software.

Instead of spending more money on buying a new GPU or waiting months for a warranty, you can try making minor repairs to your GPU that looks buggy. However, to diagnose a faulty GPU or VGA, you need to do more checks. The administrator will walk you through the process, so you know exactly how to tell if your GPU is defective.

Read also: 8 Ways to Check Laptop/PC VGA on Windows 10

What Causes VGA Damage?

What Causes VGA Damage

You may not know that your GPU or VGA is suddenly having a problem that is causing your PC to crash in the middle of a game. However, you might be curious to know why the graphics card is actually damaged. Here are some of the causes of GPU crashes:

  • GPU components are damaged before use due to manufacturing errors
  • Incompatible or inappropriate graphics card installation
  • Overloading when installing a graphics card
  • Moisture builds up on the graphics card causing component damage
  • Overheating caused by a lot of dirt or dust sticking to the cooling components
  • Overheating caused by defective or damaged cooling fan pads
  • Play the graphics card in games with incompatible drivers

To avoid most problems, you need to make sure that your system is maintained regularly, both physically and digitally. You can avoid many of these issues if you keep your GPU clean and make sure your graphics card drivers are up to date. Instead of waiting for the graphics card to fail, why not prevent it first?

Read also: The difference between GPU and VGA

How long does a graphics card last before you die?

How long does a graphics card last before you die

Currently, graphics cards have many innovative features and cooling components that protect devices during prolonged gaming use.

If critical components inside the graphics card get too hot, they can catch fire and cause the graphics card to shut down over time. That’s why the latest GPUs include a metal backplate, two or three cooling fans, and a large heatsink to draw heat away from the GPU while gaming.

However, as with all electrical components, some components may die prematurely or due to poor manufacturing quality. If your graphics card dies prematurely, you may be able to replace it under warranty.

As long as you use it and take care of it properly, a new graphics card will last an average of 5 years. You may only need to replace it when you want to play a new game that requires more complex graphics. Check the specifications of the new game for requirements before playing it with your graphics card.

How to check the VGA is damaged or not?

Before we move on to diagnosing and repairing a faulty GPU, we must first identify some signs of a faulty graphics card.

1. The computer freezes and won’t restart

Make your GPU or VGA run the latest graphics-intensive games without any problems, and then your computer suddenly shuts down. During the restart, you hear a loud beep and the motherboard displays an error code.

Some motherboards are designed with sensors to detect faulty computer components when a boot fails. As a result, the motherboard displays an error code indicating the affected part.

2. Graphical crashes when playing games

Sometimes while playing video games, the GPU may fail to render graphics properly. This can happen if the graphics card does not support the same software as the game. However, graphics cards that slowly start to fail also show minor graphics defects from time to time.

You may notice glitches such as discolored pixels, screen flickering, single screen glitches, or random artifacts in different areas of your screen.

3. Abnormal performance fan or noise

Many graphics cards have cooling fans designed to run at a higher RPM only while the GPU is loaded. This prevents the pads on the fan from closing prematurely, so don’t worry if one of your fans gets stuck when you’re doing light activities on your computer like browsing.

However, when playing games that use software that your graphics card doesn’t support, the liners in the fan wear out faster. Once the fan stops running under load, the graphics card can quickly fail.

How to diagnose graphics card damage?

There are plenty of tips you can use when you want to diagnose a GPU malfunction, but it will save you a lot of time if you go through the important steps first.

1. Check the motherboard error code

Many motherboards today completely shut down components that no longer work. If your graphics card is completely dead, this is probably one of the easiest ways to find out. If your motherboard does not have a display icon, you can try testing the graphics card on a new system.

  • Open the computer case : Use a screwdriver to remove the screws on the side panel and then slide them back carefully.
  • Find the error code displayed on the motherboard: If your motherboard has an error code, it will appear near the outer corner.
  • Try restarting the computer: Record any error numbers you see after turning on your computer.
  • Refer to your motherboard manufacturer’s manual for error codes: Go to the manual and look in the list for your error code. If the code matches the GPU error, your graphics card may die.

2. Check the physical condition of the GPU

Graphics cards that have sustained physical damage or debris can overheat quickly and die suddenly.

  • Remove the screws that hold the GPU in place: There are usually one or two screws that secure the graphics card to the bracket on the case.
  • Disconnect the power cable from the GPU and pull the release tab: Disconnect the power cable from your GPU by pressing and gently shaking the tabs. After removing each cable, gently push or pull the release tab near the motherboard.
  • Check the GPU for damage/flaking: Check the graphics card for dirt or accumulated dust and clean it using a Q-tip. You can replace the damaged fan from the factory.

With your graphics card now clean and audited, you can choose to test it on another computer or on your current system.

3. GPU Performance Test

Now we will see if your GPU is experiencing overheating or graphics issues while the game is running. First, download a GPU stress test like FurMark and temperature monitoring programmes.

  • After installing the graphics card, run a stress test.
  • while you run stress testRun the program temperature control: While the stress test is running, check your heat monitoring software to see if the GPU is overheating. Any reading above 80°C, it means the GPU is overheating.
  • check device manager For drivers who Outdated: If your GPU is clean, but still running very hot, the driver may not be installed properly. To check this, type “device managerat the bottom of your desktop and click device manager. Find the display adapter and then right click on it and look in the device status section if it is working properly.


This is how to check if the VGA is damaged or not. The point is that you must first quickly find out why the GPU is damaged and then check your graphics card, whether it has signs of the same damage. If yes, you can perform a diagnosis on your GPU to get the perfect fix. But if the hardware damage is very severe, I think the only way is to replace your old GPU with a new GPU or you can get warranty from your old GPU, if it still exists.

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